Learn basic, intermediate, and advanced tennis strokes through photo-illustrated, step-by-step instructions.
Basic Eastern Forehand
This is the easiest forehand, but many players use essentially the same style at the advanced level.
Basic Two-Handed Backhand
Most people find this the easier backhand to learn, because it resembles a forehand, gains stability from the support of two hands, and allows a slightly later swing.
Basic One-Handed Backhand
Some find the one-handed backhand immediately more comfortable than the two-hander, even if it takes longer to master. The one-hander also has the advantage of more reach and versatility.
This basic serve has every element of an advanced serve except intentional spin, which you will be able to add without any fundamental changes once you're ready.
Basic Volleys and Overhead
Basic Forehand Volley
Simplicity is a great virtue in volleys, and this volley is as simple as any stroke gets.
Basic Backhand Volley
Like the basic forehand volley, this is a simple, easy stroke that beginners will learn quickly and more advanced volleyers should review to reduce errors.
People love to practice the overhead, partly because it's like a serve--without the often troublesome toss.
Photo Tour of the Forehand Grips
The choice of which forehand grip to use has a profound effect on your ability to hit particular spins and to meet the ball comfortably at a given height.
Photo Tour of the Two-Handed Backhand Grips
Two-handed backhand grips don't determine your stroke options as much as do forehand grips, but understanding the grips and their implications can help you adjust for problems you're having with your stroke.
Photo Tour of the One-Handed Backhand Grips
The one-handed backhand grips vary within a relatively small range, but your choice of grip does have a strong bearing on where you should meet the ball and how easily you can generate particular spins.
Intermediate and Advanced Groundstrokes
This is the favorite and most powerful forehand for many of the biggest hitters in tennis. It's also a great way to make up for a comparatively weak backhand.
One-Handed Backhand Sidespin Slice
Every player, whether a one-hander or a two-hander, should have this shot. Its low, sideways skid has all kinds of tactical uses.
Semi-Open Semi-Western Forehand
If you were to average the grips and stances of all the forehands hit at the pro level, the result would be very close to this shot. It combines the linear energy of a classic, square-stance forehand with the rotational energy of the more recently emergent open stances.
Two-Handed Backhand on the Rise
Hitting on the rise offers many advantages, including meeting the ball at a more comfortable height and giving your opponent less time to react to your shot.
Forehand on the Rise
A classic forehand style used in one of its most aggressive forms.
Points of Contact and Stances for Five Forehand Styles
This visual and textual comparison will help you experiment with using different grips, stances, and swings in their most appropriate situations.
Points of Contact for Four One-Handed Backhand Styles
Most players hit the backhand with fewer grip and stance variations than the forehand, but you'll want to make sure your chosen style is properly matched with its ideal point of contact.
Intermediate and Advanced Serves
Topspin-Slice Power First Serve
By far the most common first serve used at the advanced level, this serve's topspin component allows it to be hit extremely hard while still clearing the net by a reasonable margin.
Players who have mastered the twist serve tend to use it for the vast majority of their second serves and sometimes for first serves as well. It clears the net with the generous margin of safety you want on a second serve, and then it kicks high and somewhat sideward, making it often difficult to return.
A close cousin of the twist, the topspin serve is the easier of the two kick serves to produce, but it's also easier to return, because it flies and bounces basically straight.
Heavy Slice Serve
This serve's almost pure sidespin makes it skid low and sharply sideways. It's a great change-up serve and one of the most effective and easiest serves to hit in heavy winds.
Points of Contact for Five Spin Serves
Contrary to popular misconception, each spin serve has an optimal point of contact significantly different from the others.
Intermediate and Advanced Volleys and Overheads
Backhand Drop Volley
When you have to meet a volley below the height of the net, the drop volley is often your best--and most fun--choice.
Medium-Height Backhand Volley
Players often miss volleys at this height because they try to hit them as they would a higher ball. Medium-height volleys are a distinct and important skill.
Moderately Low Forehand Volley
The forehand volley at this height can be especially problematic for players who use Semi-Western or Western grips.
High Backhand Volley
Given the typically fairly slow ball on which you'll use this volley, you'll usually swing harder than you would other backhand volleys.
Jumping Backhand Overhead
The backhand overhead has an undeserved reputation as "the most difficult shot in tennis." You're unlikely to hit it with the kind of power you would a standard overhead, but you'll probably find that you can master this shot well enough to put it away most of the time.
Forehand Drop Shot
Every intermediate and advanced player should cultivate a good drop shot. Against many opponents, it can be a decisive tactical tool.
Forehand Topspin Lob
Topspin lobs are much more difficult to execute than flat lobs, but they're virtually impossible for an opponent to retrieve after the bounce, and they can be extremely effective in baseline rallies, too.
One-Handed Backhand Topspin Lob
The one-handed backhand topspin lob is more difficult to generate than the forehand topspin lob, but opponents will often prefer to attack your backhand as they approach the net, and if you own this shot, you can discourage them pretty quickly.